Social media and depression
Social media refers to various internet services which enable users to interact with one another easily. The interaction can be verbally or visually. According to current research, over 90% of youths are active on social media. Getting to know the impacts of social media on adolescents has become one of the common topics of discuss ion due to the increase in mental related health problems (Akkın Gürbüz, et al, 2017). Many of the problems related to internet problems are described as an addiction. However, some of the activities are described as abnormal activities. For instance, those who like posting their images (selfish) can be regarded as narcissistic. Such behaviour has emerged as the social norm to many younger people on social media.
Social media can be regarded as a double-edged sword. This is because it has both negative and positive impacts on the users. For example, the author highlights the benefits of enabling people to express their thoughts and feelings in receiving social support. In addition, research as also indicated that there is a close link between social media use and the psychological problem. System atic research has indicated that measuring social media use and the symptoms in young people have shown a significant relationship. For instance, there are some symptoms which affect the young generations.
On the other hand, social support is one of the principal factors which influence the relationship between social media use and mental health. The author argues that social media has enabled adolescents to strengthen their bonds with the friends they make. Therefore, it reduces social isolation and loneliness. Thus, it will indirectly improve the mental health of people. In addition, studies have indicated that those people with low social support are more likely to suffer from depression as compared to those with high social support (Supawadee, 2019). The author has also reviewed over 70 studies and found that inverse correlation mainly on supporting online interaction on social has caused more problems to young generations. The common problem mentioned by the author is depression. However, some of the authors have indicated that the quality of social support may be more essential than quantity.
From the social comparison theory, many people tend to compare themselves to others to assess their opinion and abilities (Ward, Dill-Shackleford, & Mazurek, 2018). For instance, such behaviour is common in adolescents as compared to young children and adults. On the contrary, the impact of social media on mental health differs between the adolescents who normally engage in downward social comparison and those who usually use high performers as the references point. In addition, negative online interaction has effects on both depression and anxiety. Similarly, it has also been found less use of facebook predicts the social comparison between the users, which in turn can lead to depression.
Furthermore, the link between social media and mental health is not straightforward at all, with various contributory reasons. For example, impaired sleep is considered as a mechanism. In addition, internet use is sedentary behaviour, excess use of it leads to health problems such as anxiety and depression. In addition, this behaviour has a deleterious effect on the health of young people. However, the direction of this is not clear at all (Saunders & Eaton, 2018). This is because people who are mentally challenged are supposed to be less physically active. Multitasking is also a common character on social media. For example, users have accounted for multiple platforms. This is a clear symptom of mental disorder such as depression. This is because a number of accounts in most cases correlates with the high level of anxiety due to one being overwhelmed by many demands.
Adolescents are considered as a period of personal and self-identity; much of the development is more reliant on social media. Limited capacity and vulnerability to peer pressure, many of the youths cannot evade the adverse social effects. Consequently, they become more at risk of developing mental disorders. However, the evidence on social media influence development has remained at an early stage. The current study has examined evidence that the influence of social media uses on depression. In addition, the impact of social media use has increased the instances of depression and anxiety. In this case, it is important to distinguish one from another. It is true that the association between social media and mental problems. Researchers have confirmed that the correlation between social media use and mental distress relate to one another.
From the author’s perception, social media correlates to mental disorders. Most of the youths are suffering from depression due to the excessive use of the internet. However, it is not clear on how it led to such problems. To be precise, internet use has both negative and positive effects on users. For example, social media has enabled adolescents to strengthen their bonds with the friends they make. Therefore, it reduces social isolation and loneliness. Therefore, it is clear that the use of the internet has led to depression and anxiety for young people. When it is well organized, it can be of great importance to the user.
- Akk?n Gürbüz, H. G., Demir, T., Gökalp Özcan, B., Kadak, M. T., and Poyraz, B. Ç. (2017). Use of social network sites among depressed adolescents. Behaviour and Information Technology, 36(5), 517–523. https://doi.org/10.1080/0144929X.2016.1262898
- Saunders, J. F., and Eaton, A. A. (2018). Snaps, Selfies, and Shares: How Three Popular Social Media Platforms Contribute to the Sociocultural Model of Disordered Eating Among Young Women. CyberPsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 21(6), 343–354. https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2017.0713
- Supawadee Charoenwanit. (2019). The Relationship of Cyber-bullying and Academic Achievement, General Health, and Depression in Adolescents in Thailand. Walailak Journal of Science and Technology, 16(4), 231–241. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=trueanddb=aphandAN=133759642andsite=ehost-live
- Ward, D. M., Dill-Shackleford, K. E., and Mazurek, M. O. (2018). Social Media Use and Happiness in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder. CyberPsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 21(3), 205–209. https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2017.0331