Adjustment disorder is a condition arising from abnormal and severe reaction to identifiable life stressors. On the other hand, anxiety disorders are a group of mental disorders that cause distress interrupting an individual from leading a normal life. They include panic disorder, specific phobias, social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PSTD), panic disorder, health anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) among others. The paper describes the differences between anxiety disorders and adjustment disorders and provides the diagnostic criteria for phobias anxiety disorder. Furthermore, the article discusses the evidence-based psychotherapy and psychopharmacological treatment for phobias anxiety disorder.
Adjustment disorder arises from an unusual and extreme reaction to an identifiable life stressor. The reaction is often more severe and can lead to significant impairment in social, academic, and occupational functioning. On the other hand, anxiety disorders are a collection of mental conditions that cause distress interrupting an individual from leading a healthy lifestyle. The most significant difference between the two is that anxiety disorders do not arise from life stressor, or acute stress disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder that is typically linked to a more intense stressor.