Introduction to Professional Nursing(Narccella)


The major objective of nursing is to give care that is rewarding to nurses, seen by patients as personal and caring and is in an environment of maximum patient safety. The nurses see every individual as a whole system of body, spirit, and mind, whose wellbeing and health is subjective by their setting. The workplace itself should be presentable since the design factors attract nurses to a hospital for employment and can also retain them over time (Naccarella, 2016).

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Therefore, the hospital project teams should focus on principles of art and design that include features like rhythm, proportion, balance, unity, and emphasis.

Principles of Art and Design
The principles of organization are utilized in organizing basic elements of art like form, shape, texture, line, color, space and value. Picture showing Principles of Art and Design

Some of the principles of art
  • balance

  • proportion

  • emphasis

  • variety

  • movement

  • rhythm

  • harmony
Unity and harmony proportion
Unity is also referred to as harmony in art and it is a significant principle of design that offers the artwork a sense of coherence or cohesion. Harmony is a combination of the same elements in artwork to inflect their similarities.


Harrell, M. (2009). Art, Technology, and Design: A Merging Curriculum. Design Principles and Practices: An International Journal—Annual Review, 3(5), 1-8. doi:10.18848/1833-1874/cgp/v03i05/37752

Naccarella. (2016). Design matters for nurses. Hospital design for nurse attraction and retention, 1-19.

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