Reflection Journal-Educational Plan

Reflection Journal-Educational Plan

Physical activity among the elderly is of great importance to their health. First and foremost, regular physical activity boosts the immune system of the elderly which is most of the time compromised. This helps in the prevention of various diseases such as diabetes and heart diseases. Secondly, regular physical exercises among the elderly aids in the improvement of their mental health. Studies carried out in the past showed that physical exercise among the elderly results in the production of a hormone called endorphins which is a feel good hormone that relieves stress among the elderly making them feel satisfied. It also improves sleep which is sometimes problematic among the elderly. Thirdly, According to Degens et al physical exercise boosts the strength, flexibility, coordination and balance among the elderly. This protects the elderly from falls that might result into injuries that takes a lot of time to fully recovery. Fourthly, physical activity increases the level of socialization among the elderly. This is achieved when the seniors engage in group fitness classes which help them in preventing feelings of loneliness and depression. It also helps them in finding the form of exercise that they love in the company of their age mates (Degens, 2016). Finally, physical exercises the cognitive function of the elderly. Studies have shown that the participation of the elderly in the physical exercises reduces the risk of developing dementia at any time that a person decides to start a routine. This helps the elderly in improving their health (Ferreira, 2015).

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There is a percentage of the elderly that does not participate in the physical exercises which is harmful to their health. This leads to the deterioration of their health as a result of lack of exercises. Due to the increased level of exercises among the elderly all over the world, researches have shown an expected increase in the population of the elderly come 2050. This signifies how advantageous it is for one to participate in physical exercises. A SMART objective refers to an objective that is Specific, Measurable, Action-Oriented, Realistic and Time Limited.
For an elderly to ensure that he/she regularly takes part in physical exercises, the first thing that they have to do is to ensure he/she carries an assessment of factors that might hinder him/her from participating in physical activities. The barriers that an elderly is supposed to evaluate include the level of fatigue, pain and mobility. Due to their old age, the elders are afraid of taking part in physical due to the risk of falling. This hinders them from participating in physical activities. Therefore, there is need for them to have a simple plan that will aid them in achieving their objective of having regular physical activities as helps in the prevention of diseases like diabetes and heart disease. The table below shows two smart objectives that will aid the elderly in increasing the rate of performing physical activities:

Specific Measurable Action-Oriented Realistic Time-Limited
I will be able to carry out my physical activities using the school football pitch I will only be able have my physical exercises between 6 am in the morning I will be able to use the school football pitch three hours in a day on a regular basis I will only be able to take in physical exercises that do not cause fatigue I will only be able to have my physical for only two hours
I will have swimming lessons only at our university premises I will be having swimming lessons with my instructor between 9am in the morning till noon I will only be able to take part in swimming lessons for only 3 hours often I will only take part in swimming lessons if there is my instructor to guide me I will attend my swimming lessons for 2 hours in a day for a period of 2 weeks

Physical exercise education has a lot of advantages in my career since it will help me in guiding the elderly while carrying out their daily routine physical activities. It will also help me in advising them to perform physical as it helps in improving the immune system of the body.


1. Mauk, K. L., (2014). Gerontological Nursing: Competencies for care. (3rd ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones and Bartlett Learning.
2. McPhee, J. S., French, D. P., Jackson, D., Nazroo, J., Pendleton, N., and Degens, H. (2016). Physical activity in older age: perspectives for healthy ageing and frailty. Biogerontology, 17(3), 567-580.
3. Franco, M. R., Tong, A., Howard, K., Sherrington, C., Ferreira, P. H., Pinto, R. Z., and Ferreira, M. L. (2015). Older people's perspectives on participation in physical activity: a systematic review and thematic synthesis of qualitative literature. Br J Sports Med, 49(19), 1268-1276.

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