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A nursing case study is a record of a comprehensive study of a patient that a student encounters during a practicum. A case study assignment essay should have a document of all the case study proceeds. It has these sections.

  1. Patient status-Demographic information of the patient
  2. Nursing assessment- Lists observations from a nursing assessment and the reason for making it. It also lists potential causes and suggestions for treatment.
  3. Current treatment and recommendations to improve it- This section lists and explains the medical treatment and other therapies together with their importance.

You can make recommendations at the end of this section. A recommendation can be approving the current treatment plan or suggesting an additional treatment plan.

Nursing Case Study Assignment Essay Sample

A nursing case study should be in this format.

Patient status

Dan Miller is a 50-year-old male patient admitted while complaining of dizziness. He felt lightheaded and felt weak when walking. A look at medical history reveals that Dan had hypertension and pneumonia in 2016. He does not smoke. He occasionally takes some beer. He is a businessman with an ailing wife and two grown-up children working away from home. He weight 80 kilograms and the body temperature is normal.

Nursing assessment

The patient is hypersensitive because of high cholesterol levels in the arteries together with calcium that forms a plaque (plaque (Anderson & McLaren, 2012). He experiences tachycardia meaning that his blood beats fast to pump the blood. He suffered from stroke-like symptoms in 2017 indicating an elevation of cholesterol levels and other relating levels (Edmunds & Mayhew, 2013).

Follow up plan

Dan Miller takes beer despite his medical condition. It might be necessary to reduce or even a complete cessation of drinking alcoholic drinks (Edmunds & Mayhew, 2013) to reduce the severity of hypertension. Studies reveal that alcohol is a risk factor that contributes to an increase in the cholesterol and lipids levels in the body. Two approaches, i.e., dietary management and lifestyle modification (Rolfes, Pinna, Whitney, & Rolfes, 2012) are necessary to prevent progression of various symptoms.

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Current treatment and recommendation to improve it

Medical management

The patient has been on a dose of Beta-blockers to reduce his heart rate and workload to lower the blood pressure by reducing the output of blood. He also combines his dose with diuretics that help the body to rid excess water and sodium (salt) and control blood pressure when it is extremely high.

He will continue tasking his medications as indicated, but alterations will be necessary if blood pressure keeps rising or the drugs cause adverse effects. Medical management helps in supplementing lifestyle and dietary modifications.

Dietary management

  • The patient should limit intake of high cholesterol and fatty food.
  • He should also avoid heavy intake of salt and processed foods. The best food for the patient to include in the regular diet is iron-rich foods, grains, vegetables, legumes, fruits, and low-fat milk.
  • The diet should be balanced, in the right proportions for every meal and should be in little amount during the meal before bedtime.

Lifestyle modification

Dan should drink alcohol because it is a risk factor for cardiovascular heart disease and hypercholesterolemia

Recommendation

The patient should continue on the current medication, but further management by prescribing a combination dose should be the next step if the current medicine does not control hypertension. The patient should make stick to the recommended diet and lifestyle as well as comply with medication requirements to manage rather than treat hypertension.

References

Anderson, G. J., & McLaren, G. D. (2012). Iron physiology and the pathophysiology in humans. New York: Humana Press.

Edmunds, M. W., & Mayhew, M. S. (2013). Pharmacology for a primary care provider. St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier-Mosby.

Rolfes, S. R., Pinna, K., Whitney, E. N., & Rolfes, S. R. (2012). Normal and clinical nutrition. Pacific Grove, Calif: Brooks/Cole.